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What You Need To Know About Complex Civil Litigation

Multiple parties, enormous sums of money, protracted trials, or complicated legal problems are part of complex civil litigation proceedings.

A “complex case” is one in which several legal and case management concerns need substantial judicial administration to expedite the case, keep expenses low, and encourage effective decision-making.

Case Management Requirements For Complex Litigation In Florida

The Florida Supreme Court authorized revisions to the Florida Rules of Civil Procedure on May 28, 2009. The revisions included the addition of a new rule addressing the management of complex litigation matters.

Here is a summary of the case management requirements involved:

  • A complex case motion is declared. The motion must be submitted after all defendants have been served (unless the court can establish why all defendants were not served).
  • The motion to declare the case complex is heard in court.
  • The case is declared complex within 10 days.
  • The court must have an Initial Case Management Conference within 60 days after deeming the case complex. An attorney for each party must attend. (Parties must meet 20 days before this Initial Case Management Conference to prepare a joint statement.)
  • After the Case Management Conference, the court must schedule a trial within six months.
  • A Final Case Management Conference will be held 90 days before trial.

The Basic Elements Of A Complex Civil Case

Before initiating a civil lawsuit, you should always consult an attorney to seek advice and see if you have a strong case.

Despite the uniqueness of individual cases, complex litigation cases often follow a similar path. It’s worth noting, however, that not every case goes through all these stages:

Investigations Stage

This is the initial stage of the complicated litigation process required in all civil cases. Your attorney will attempt to acquire and arrange any supporting evidence that will aid in establishing and winning your case. To establish a compelling case, they will dig deep into all facts and thoroughly evaluate relevant evidence and documents. Your opponent will be determined to refute your statements. To be successful in court, you must substantiate all your claims. It would be best to gather each piece of critical evidence pertinent to your case.

File Of Pleadings

Pleadings are court filings that lay out the matters discussed throughout the case. Each party will file a pleading that explains their side in a civil action. A complaint is the pleading that the plaintiff files. A complaint details all of the accused party’s wrongdoing, losses sustained, and any other relevant facts in the case. After that, the defendant will file a pleading, sometimes known as a response. The defendant might use this response to respond to the plaintiff’s allegations or request further information about the case. Most pleas are open to the public.


Discovery is the most time-consuming and labor-intensive stage in a complex civil case. During this phase, the litigators use interrogatories, depositions, and subpoenas to acquire information relevant to the case.

Here’s what this means:

  • A deposition is an oath-taken oral declaration by a witness or opposing party. Interrogatories are a series of formal questions sent by one litigant to the other, mainly to explain factual issues.
  • A subpoena is a summons that asks a third party for specific information or documents.

This is done to gather as much information as possible and get relevant information and documents to back up your allegations. To effectively prepare for the future trial, all parties will have the opportunity to communicate this information and evidence formally.

The Advance Of Trial Proceedings

At this time, the attorneys for both parties will begin holding discussions and talks. In many circumstances, particularly in personal injury cases, a settlement can be made at this stage, which may save a lot of time and money by avoiding the hassles and costs of going to court. At this point, the plaintiff’s counsel will demand a fair settlement on their behalf, and the defendant’s attorney will have a limited time to counteroffer. Both parties can ask the courts to rule on the case during pretrial or dismiss sections before trial.


The case will be tried if a settlement cannot be reached at the pretrial stage. A trial is a legal proceeding where the plaintiff and defendant submit their arguments. A jury may or may not be used in a trial, depending on the facts of the case. Both parties will submit their papers to the court before the trial starts. The documents will compare for their distinct arguments and evidence. Both parties will present evidence and witnesses; then, attorneys will cross-examine the witnesses from both sides. The verdict will next be decided. However, parties might reach an agreement during the trial stage and never enter the courts.

The court-ordered settlement is frequently seen as the ultimate result; however, either party can still challenge the decision.

The Appeal Of Decision, If Necessary

If either litigant is dissatisfied with the case’s decision, they have the option of filing an appeal. The appeals procedure is intended to evaluate the case and amend or reverse the judgment. While the appeals process may take some time to get started, it is far faster than the original case. This is frequently because your attorney already has all relevant information and proof.

Contact Hunker Appeals at 877-906-5656 if you have any questions about complex civil litigation. Hunker Appeals serves clients throughout Florida and Georgia as well as other states, including Atlanta, Tallahassee, Jacksonville, Orlando, Tampa, Fort Lauderdale, Boca Raton, Weston, Coral Springs, Hollywood, Miami, West Palm Beach, and surrounding Florida communities.

Contact Our Legal Team

Call us now for a consultation and let us help you find the right path in your case: 877-906-5656.